Copyright © The Malta Historical Society, 2005.

Source: Melita historica : Journal of the Malta Historical Society. 2(1957)2(95-104)

[p.95] Treasury Records of the Knights of St. John in Rhodes

by
James E. Nisbet, M.A., B.Phil.*

When the fortress of Acre fell to the Muslims in the early summer of 1291, the power of the Christians in the Holy Land was at an end. Few of .the Knights of St. John who took part in that last desperate struggle escaped alive, but somehow or other the most valuable relics of the Order were saved; among these were the deeds and charters which would enable the Knights to reclaim their property if and when the country was recaptured by the Christians. Through the many moves which later circumstances forced on the Convent of the Order, these deeds were carefully preserved. Unfortunately, the same value was not attached to the books of the Treasury, and few of these have survived," that is, until the arrival of the Knights in Malta when a regular series begins. For the Palestine period, there are no accounts of any sort. Pauli has published a short roll of the rents which the Order received every year, but this is very restricted and the total amount involved is a mere 220 bezants.[1]

For the Rhodes period also, there is no specific series of Treasury accounts, but here we are somewhat more fortunate. One volume which gives a detailed statement of the receipts and payments made by the General Receiver of the Order in Western Europe for the years, 1378 to 1388 is available.[2] This volume is of inestimable value, and it is to be regretted that others like it have not survived as well. None the less, it has been possible to retrieve various other accounts of a similar nature from the volumes of the Archives of the Order in Malta. Although none of these are so detailed as Volume 48, they do cover the period from 1365 to 1400 almost completely. For the decades immediately following 1400, no further accounts appear[3] and the assumption must be that the death of some particularly zealous scribe or, perhaps, of an especially thorough Grand Master, brought a change in outlook, and it was no longer thought necessary to transcribe the accounts submitted by Receivers, except in the books of the Treasury, which have been lost. In actual fact, the majority of the accounts do fall under the Mastership of Ferdinand d'Heredia (1376-1396), but this may be a coincidence.

The Receivers who sent these statements to Rhodes were Arnaud Bernard Ebrard in the first years, and latterly Peter de Proving. Receipts are given by Mr. J.E. Nisbet was the holder of a Goldsmiths' Company Scholarship in 1953/50.

[p.96] Priories, but every Priory is not included, and it must be emphasized that these accounts do not give a complete picture of the financial position of the Order at this time. No mention is made of the income from property in Cyprus and Rhodes itself, nor ape the expenses of the Convent included — the upkeep of the household of the Grand Master, the Hospital, and the Auberges or Inns where the Knights lived, the building of fortifications, the maintenance of ships etc. The accounts do, however, give, a good impression of the resources of the western Priories, from which the Order did draw 'its main financial support, and also of what the Eeceivers did with the funds which came into their hands. As such, they have great value.

The main items which made up the Receipts and Paymentis in those 14th century accounts were as follows:—-'

RECEIPTS

(a) Responsions

The revenue from the property of the Order was:, remitted annually through Receivers to the Convent. In the early days the Commanders were instructed to send the whole of their surplus revenue to the General Treasury, after deducting only what was absolutely necessary for the support of their establishment. This arrangement, however, made no allowance for human nature, and led to mismanagement. Some Commanders were clearly dishonest; and there could always be a difference of opinion as to what was "absolutely necessary". At a Chapter General held in 1262, in Caesarea under the Mastership of Hugh Bevel, it was laid down that a certain fixed proportion of the revenue must be paid over annually. This was usually estimated at one third of the gross receipts of the Commandery, but the exact figure might be raised by decree of the Chapter General to meet the circumstances of the time. At the Chapter General held at Montpellier in 1330, annual Responsions amounting to 83,400 gold florins, 60,000 bezants of Cyprus, and 100 silver marks were imposed on the various Priories for the next ten years.4

(b) Vacancies and Mortuaries

When a Commander died, the entire net revenue of his Commandery from the date of his death, until the 1st May following was paid to the Common Treasury, and was termed the Mortuary. The net revenue of the following year was also paid to the Treasury, and was called the Vacancy, Whenever the finances of the Order required extraordinary assistance, a second year's vacancy was appropriated, and sometimes this additional tax became regular. Revenue from this source could be quite considerable. Thus the net Mortuary of the Prior of France — given in the account for the year. 1386 — amounted to no less .than 5,700 florins of Avignon.5

(c) Spoils

The effects of the dead, or Spoils, were the personal estates left by professed members of the Order at their death. When he entered the Order, a Knight [p.97] took the oath of poverty, and from that moment all his worldly possessions became the property of the Order. The Statutes, however, in order to enable him to make some provision for his relatives, permitted him to dispose of one fifth of his property; the remaining four fifths were carried to the credit of the Common Treasury. In the account for the years 1367 to 1369, the receipts from the Spoils of the English Turcopolier are stated to amount to 240 silver marks.6

(d) Passages

The Passage or entrance money consisted of the dues, payable to the Order by members on being admitted into its ranks. The amount varied tremendously according to the degree claimed by the candidate as well as the circumstances of his admission — before or after majority. The charge was probably originally begun to cover the cost of transporting the Knight from the western-Priories to the seat of the Convent e.g. two English Knights who in 1386 each paid 75 florins as their passage money;7 but by the 17th century it had come to be recognized as a regular source of revenue; and a definite list of charges was drawn up.

(e) Extraordinary Receipts

These usually took the form of special subsidies imposed by the Chapter General for some definite purpose as, for example, when the Order was struggling to free itself from debt in the years following 1310; or as in 1382 when the sum of 10,833 florins was borrowed by the General Receiver in Avignon to meet the urgent needs of the Convent.8

From- these main items of receipts it will be seen that the first and second directly, and the third indirectly were derived from the rents of estates of .the Order. Without the landed property m Europe the Convent could not have existed as it did.

PAYMENTS

(a) Transmitted to the Convent

The principal concern of the Receiver was to transmit the money which he had collected to the seat of the Order. This he could accomplish by various methods. He could repay in the West the money which the Convent had borrowed in the East; he could send the money, or merchandise to its value, in coffers to the Convent; or he could send it by bill of exchange. All these methods were used, and there was a. considerable traffic in bills of exchange between the Receiver's Offices and the Convent and vice versa. Shipments both of money and merchandise—-usually cloth —were made regularly between the ports of the South of France and Rhodes,. To the expenses of these dealings should be added many incidental ones; the cost of the storing and transportation of the goods, the provisioning of the ships and the wages of the sailors etc. These form by far the largest .items of payment made by the Receivers during the 14th century.

(b) Pensions

The agents whom the Order maintained all over Europe received a yearly pension. These, of course, varied in amount. Cardinals, who acted on the Order's [p.98] behalf in various matters, received the regular sum of 300 florins. Peter de Provins, the General Receiver himself, was allotted 500 florins every year.9 In 1386 the Grand ^Master's barber received 14 florins to cover his services over a period of 18 months.10

(c) Messengers’ Remuneration

Under this heading was included the payment of the couriers whom the Order sent on various errands to the different parts of Christendom. Sometimes messengers were used for the portage of money as well as letters; their expense would come under this item.

(d) Outlay on Law-Suits

Considerable legal expenses were often incurred by the Order. These were usually concerned with the recovery of money from some unwilling debtor, or with the appeal of the Order against an unjust claim made upon it. In November 1385, for example, the Order was engaged in a case in the court of Montpelier against the heirs of two merchants of Narbonne. The issue was the repayment of the remaining part of the sum of 22,000 gold florins which a previous Grand Master, Roger des Pins, (1355-65) had lent to them. The legal expenses incurred by the Order amounted to 30 florins.11

(e) Expenses of Bulls and Privileges

This item included the cost of the writing material and the registration of the Acts made on the Order's behalf by the Pope or Kings. In 1380 the Pope granted the Order the privilege of transporting merchandise without the payment of specific taxes. For this the Keceiver paid 25 florins. In the same year 10 florins were paid to the officers of the King of France to allow certain goods, destined for Rhodes, to be exported without interference.12

(f) Miscellaneous Minor Expenses

These comprised gratuities to persons who had-rendered the Order some service; traveling expenses; losses incurred in the exchange of money etc.13

When there was a deficit on these accounts — as there often seems to have been during this period — it was covered -by borrowing from merchants in Avignon, and carried forward to the following year. The total of annual receipts seems to have varied between about 20,000 and 50,000 florins, but .these figures must not be taken as complete. Priors were very slow in making their returns, as can be seen from the large sums of Arrears of Responsions which were collected. The total of annual Responsions imposed in 1330 — amounting to 83,400 florins, 60,000 bezants of Cyprus and 100 silver marks14 — was considerably in excess of .the annual receipts. It must be remembered that these were but a proportion of the total revenue from the property of the Order, but even so, the [p.99] receipt's of the Order did not compare with those of contemporary Popes and Princes. Thus Pope John XXII (1316-1334) had an annual revenue of at least 228,000 florins; Edward II 546,000 florins; Charles IV 590,000 florins; Robert of Naples 600,000 florins; Philip IV 785,912 florins (in 1329).15 However, the importance of the Order lay not so much in the size of its bank balance, but in the use to which it put its not inconsiderable resources, and in the part it played in the movement of funds — the most important of the financial dealings of Mediaeval times.

Account submitted by Arnaudus Bernardi Ebrardi, "procurator general in transmarinis partibus", for the period from 15th April 1364 to 26th May 1365. (Source: Archives, Vol. 319, folios 40-41).

Universis et singulis presentem quitanciam visuris et audituris. Nos frater Raymundus etc. Et nos Conventus domus eiusdem facimus tenore presentium manifestum. Quoniam sicut nobis innotuit per duo computa per religiosum in Christo nobis carissimum fratrem Arnaudum Bernardi Ebrardi, preceptorem de Burdegalis ac procuratorem nostrum in transmarinis partibus generalem nobis missa, a quintadecima die mensis Aprilis anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi quarti usque ad vicesimam sextam mensis Maii anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi quinti; procurator idem nostro nomine recepit infrascriptas pecunias nostro pertinentes thesauro:

Primo, videlicet, per manus fratris Baymundi Johannis de responsione et arreragiis responsionum prioratus Sancti Egidii, et, plurium fratrum prioratus ipsius in prelibatis mensibus, florenus tria milia octingentos nonaginta duos et grossos quatuor.

Item, pro anno pertinenti thesauro de baiulia de Canaberiis, florenoe quadraginta sex.

Item, a fratre Ugone de Gosono pro resta per eum debita de eo quod dare tenebatur pro confirmatione baiulie de Silva ad vitam, florenos tresdecim.

Item, de responsione, arreragiis responsionum prioratus Tholose anni finiti in Sancto Johanne anni domini millesimi CCC sexagesimi quarti, per manus fratris Johannis de Affariis, francos duo milia valentes florenos duo milia trescentos triginta sex et grossos quinque.

Item, de prioratu Alamanie pro parte responsionum prioratus ipsius anni finiti in Sancto Johanne anni domini millesimi CCC LXIIII, florenos quadringentos sexaginta tres.

Item, de responsione prioratus Alvernie pro parte responsionis prioratus ipsius anni finiti in Sancto Johanne anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi tercii, per manus fratris Johannis Atardi, florenos duo milia sexaginta tres.

Item, de arreragiis debitis per fratrem Yterium de Perussa de baiulia quam habebat in prioratu Alvernie, francos octingentos valentes florenos novingentos quadraginta.

Item, a domino Davit de Mari pro parte arreragiorum per eum debitorum [p.100] domibus nostris quas tenet in Scotia, florenos trescentos septuaginta octo.

Item, pro parte arreragiorum responsionum debitorum per prioreni Purtugalie, florenos inille.

Itiem, de responsione et arreragiis responsionum prioratus Aquitanie per manus fratris Helie de Precisac, florenos milli octingentos triginta novem et grosses undecim.

Item, a fratre Raymundo de Nantolio priore Aquitanie, florenos sexcentos.

Item, de responsione prioratus Cathalonie anni finiti in Sancto Johanne anni domini millesimi CCC LX quarti, florenos de Aragonia septingentos valentes fiorenos sexcentos triginta quinque et grossos undecim.

Item, a fratre Guillelmo de Guimatio pro debito quod debebat predecessori nostri prelibati magistri, et pro aliis per manus duorum mercatorum Montispessulani, florenos de Aragonia mille quingentos valentes florenos mille trescentos sexaginta tres grossos duos et medium.

Item, de responsione et arreragiis responsionum prioratus Navarre, florenos quadringentos triginta quinque et grossos quinque.

Item, de responsione prioratus Lombardie anni finiti in Sancto Johanne anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi quarti, florenos trescentos sexaginta.

Item, a priore Conventus nostri Rodi quos sibi pro suis expensis dederat et eos sibi restituit, florenos septuaginta septem et grossos sex,

Item, procurator predictus per sua computa alia nobis missa restavit nobis et nostro thesauro debitor usque ad quintam decimam diem mensis Aprilis anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi quarti in florenis duodecim milibus nonaginta sex, grossis sex et medium.

Summa omnium receptarum pecuniarum predictarum florenos viginti octo milia quingentos nonaginta trium et grossorum trium, de quarum quidem pecuniarum summa posuit dictus procurator se expendidisse seu solvisse et dedisse pecunias infrascriptas:

Primo, videlicet quod dedit procuratori Johannis Adde pro cambio per eum facto cum nostro thesauro de quo habuit bullatam nostram litteram, florenos mille.

Item, fratri Gaufrido Rositagni per nostram bullatam litteram quam noster thesaurus illos habuerat, florenos centum.

Item, sociis societatis Guillelmorum de Montispessulano quos mandavit a factoribus suis per nos in Cipro recipi per totum mensem Aprilis anni domini millesimi trecentesimi sexagesimi quinti, florenos tria milia.

Item, per litteram nostram bullatam domino Petro Ratanelli pro servitiis Smirnarum, florenos mille quingentos.

Item, pro pensionibus quatuor dominorum Cardinalium, advocatorum, procuratorum ac ipsius procuratoris generalis et domini Bernardi de Martrinio, et aliorum hospitii domini nostri Pape ac etiam aliorum, florenos duo milia quadringentos unum et medium.

Item, quod procurator idem noster ultra suam annuam ordinariam spensionem propter caristiam magnam Avinione et expensas factas pro custodia sue persone quas oportuit facere propter lites et causas domus nostre quas dicebat, expendidit florenos quingentos.

Item, quod dedit a dominis Cardinalibus de Canilhato et de Vabre duas [p.101] pecias pannorum que constiterunt florenos ducentos.

Item, quod solvit pro uno debito quondam fratris Pontii Rafaudi, florenos triginta.

Item, quod litigandum contra Castellanum Emposte et priores Portugalie, Catalonie et Aquitanie, et in litteris papalibus obtentis ratione predict'a et domino nostro papa, et fratribus et correriis missis pro petendis responsionibus, expendidit florenos sexcentos sex et grossos tres.

Item, quod occasione litis ducte contra Julianum pro debito magistri Petri Deyssoni, expendidit florenos ducentos viginti quinque et grossos decem et medium.

Item, quod dedit dicto priori Conventus pro expensis cum fuit nuntius et visitator ad ultramarinas paries destinatus, florenos sexcentos sexaginta duos et grossos sex.

Item, quod dedit fratri Guidoni de Turri domus nostre marescallo pro suis expensis usque per totum mensem Augusti anni sexagesimi quinti, florenos duo milia quadraginta unum.

Item, quod in litteris domini nostri pape directs prioribus ut venirent ad Assembleyam Avinione, et aliis, litteris missis dominis, regibus et aliis dommis, regibus et aliis dominis, solvit florenos quinquaginta septem.

Item, quod solvit in expensis factis in pannis et cells missis per preceptorem de Cayalono ut miterentur ad Rodum, florenos quadraginta unum et medium.

Item, quod solvit in septuaginta quatuor peciis pannorum diversarum rationum mitendis ad Rodum, florenos duo milia septingentos et duos.

Item, quod solvit cuidam mercatori Tholose, et Galhardo Corujere quos frater Bertrandus de Orfanis debebat dare thesauro, florenos duo milia.

Item, quod dedit de Nogareto alio dicto nepoti cum misit eum ad Rodum cum suis computis .et aliis negotiis pro suis expensis, florenos centum.

Summa expensarum omnium predictorum florenorum, decem et septem milia, ducentos sexaginta septem, grossos novem et dimidium, prout predicta omnia in cartulariis nostri thesauri clarius continentur.

Et si deduetis et defalcatis expensis omnibus supradictis restant in manibus nostri procuratoris predicti usque ad vicesimam sextam diem mensis Maii anni sexagesimi quinti, floreni undecim m'ilia trescenti viginti quinque, grossi septem et medium; de quo quidem computo et ratione contenti plenarie tanquam de illo quod bonum et legate reputamus, de predictis omnibus et singulis supradictis prenominatum nostrum procuratorem eius ve bona et arnesia de certa nostra seientia auctoritate presentium liberamus, absolvimus perpetuo et quitamius, prefer de predictis florenis undecim milibus trescentis viginti quinque et grossis septem et medium, qui per dictum procuratorem nostrum restitui nobis debent. In cuius rei testimonium bulla nostra communis plumbea presentibus est appensa. Data Rodi die vicesima secunda mensis febroarii anno sexagesimo quinto.

[p.102] Summary of the Accounts submitted by the General Receivers in the West, 1364-1399 (the totals being given as .they are recorded, although in several cases the arithmetic is not correct).

1364-65, From 15th April 1364 to 26th May 1365.Submitted by Arnaudus Bernardi Ebrardi, "procurator general in transmarinis partibus". Archives Vol. 319, folios 40-41.
Balance from previous account of 12,096 floreni 6½ grossi included in
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
28,593 floreni
17,267 floreni
11,325 floreni
3 grossi
9½ grossi
7½ grossi
1367-69,
From 26th March 1367 to 26th March 1369. Submitted by Arnaudus Bernardi Ebrardi, "procurator general etc".
Archives Vol. 16, no. 46.
Balance from previous account of 2,687 floreni 5 grossi not included in
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
50,412 floreni
35,229 floreni
15,183 floreni
6 grossi
5 grossi
1 gros
4 denarii
4 denarii
1369-70, From 26th March 1369 to 26th March 1370. Submitted by Arnaudus Bernardi Ebrardi', "procurator general etc".
Archives Vol. 16, no. 48
Balance from previous account of 15,183 floreni 1 gros 4 denarii not included in
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
23,044 floreni
18,695 floreni
4,349 floreni
3 grossi
3 grossi
 
1371-73, No exact dates are given, but items range over this period. Submitted by Aymericus de Rippa, "receptor general in partibus transmarinis".
Archives Vol. 16, no. 53.
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
37,955 floreni
37,660 floreni
295 floreni
5 grossi
1 gros
4 grossi
6 denarii
5 denarii
13 denarii
1374-75, Account submitted by Johannes Ferdinandi de Heredia, "locumtenens general in ultramarinis partibus".
Archives Vol. 16, no. 52.
No totals given.
1378-80, Up to the feast of the birth of St. John the Baptist 1380.'Submitted by Petrus de  Provins, "receptor general". (24th June).
Archives Vol. 48, folios 1-23.
Deficit from previous account of 141^ floreni included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
66,920 floreni
68,359 floreni
1,439 floreni
2 grossi
9 grossi
7 grossi
 

[p.108]

1380-81, Up to the feast of. St. John the Baptist 1381. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 48, folios 24-46 (fc)
Deficit from previous account of 1,439 floreni 7 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
32,632 floreni
36,654 floreni
3,592 floreni
6½ grossi
8½ grossi
11 grossi
 
1381-82,
Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1382. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 48, folios 47-72.
Deficit from previous account of 3,592 floreni 11 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
45,050 floreni
45,674 floreni
623 floreni
11 grossi
7 grossi
8 grossi
 
1382-84.
Up to the feast .of St. John the Baptist 1384, Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 48, folios 73-102 (b).
Deficit from previous account, of 623 floreni 8. grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
78,777 floreni
82,218 floreni
3,642 floreni
11 grossi
 
1384-86, Up, to the feast of "St. John the Baptist 1386 from 15th December 1384. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 48, folios 110-126 (b).
Deficit from previous account of 3,642 floreni included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
44,160 floreni
45,711 floreni
1,551 floreni
5 grossi
4 grossi
11 grossi
 
1386-88, Up to the feast of St.. John the Baptist 1388. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 48, folios 128-157.
Deficit from previous account of 1,551 florins 11 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
78,534 floreni
93,767 floreni
15,233 floreni
1 gros
4½ grossi
2 grossi
 
  No exact dates. Probably submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 55, folios 1-4.
Deficit from previous account of 15,233 floreni 2 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
30,468 floreni
43,475 floreni
13,006 floreni
11 grossi
½ gros
1 gros
 

[p.104]

1389-90, Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1390. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 324, folios 163-164 (b).
Deficit from previous account of 13,006 floreni 1 gros included:
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
50,607 floreni
50,493 floreni
114 floreni
5 grossi
4 gros
1 gros
 
1390-91, Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1391. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 326, folios 68 (b)-70.
Deficit of 36 floreni included:
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
73,086 floreni
76,699 floreni
3,614 floreni
4 grossi
9 grossi
5 grossi
 
1391-93, Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1393. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 327, folios 59-62.
Deficit of 3,614 floreni 5 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Balance
86,964 floreni
105,796 floreni
18,831 floreni
8½ grossi
6 grossi
10½ grossi
15 denarii
1393-94, Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1394. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 328, folios 77 (b)-83.
Deficit of 18,831 floreni 10½ grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
41,562 floreni
51,563 floreni
10,001 floreni
10 grossi
4 grossi
 
1394-95, Up to the feast of St. John the Baptist 1395. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Archives Vol. 329, folios 65-69, 73.
Deficit of 10,001 floreni 4 grossi included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
37,390 floreni
41,835 floreni
4,445 floreni
8 grossi
10½ grossi
2½ grossi
 
1396-99, From feast of St. John the Baptist 1396 to same feast 1399. Submitted by Petrus de Provins.
Deficit of 3,990 floreni included:
  Receipts
Payments
Deficit
102,540 floreni
108,104 floreni
5,564 floreni
4 grossi
4 grossi
3 denarii
3 denarii


* Mr J.E. Nisbet was the holder of a Goldsmiths’ Company Scholarship in 1953/55.During his stay in Malta he carried out research in Maltese Linguistics and in Property Transfer and Banking Techniques of the Knights of St. John.

[1] Pauli, S. — Codice Diplomatico del Sacro Militare Ordine Gerosolimitano. Vol. I, p. 235.

[2] Volume 48 of the Archives of the Order of St. John, preserved in the Royal Malta Library, Valletta; hereafter, these will .be cited simply as Archives.

[3] One other account, covering the four years 1410-1414, is to be found in the Libri Bullarum, Archives Vol. 838, folios 47 (b)-53(b). Total receipts: 54102 florins; total payments: 53,351 florins; balance: 751 florins.

4 Archives Vol. 280, fol. 6.

5 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 130.

6 Archives Vol. 16, fol. no. 46.

7 Archives Vol. 48, fol. lll(b).

8 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 59(b)-60.

9 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 19.

10 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 151 (b).

11 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 125(b).

12 Archives Vol. 48, fol. 43.

13 Archives Vol. 48, folio$ 23, 40(b).

14 Archives Vol. 280, fol. 6.

15 Renouard, Yves: Las Relations des Papes d'Avignon et des compagnies commerciales et bancaires de 1316 a 1378, p. 36.