Copyright © The Malta Historical Society, 2005.

Source: Melita Historica. [Published by the Malta Historical Society]. 8(1981)2(1621-163)

FLECKENSTEIN, JOSEF - MANFRED, HELLMANN (eds.) The Religious Orders of Knights in Europe. ["Die geistlichen Ritterorden Europas"] (Vortrage und Forschungen XXVI, Konstanzer Arbeitskreis für mittelalteriche Geschichte) Sigmarigen: Jan Thorbecke Verlag, 1980, 429 pp.

This interesting volume contains nineteen historical studies of which seventeen are papers presented at two conferences held by the "Kostanz Working Group" in October 1977 and March 1978.

Of particular interest to the historian of medieval society, these papers present a comparative study on the early history of the European religious orders of knights, particularly the Templars, Teutonic Knights, Knights of the Holy Sepulchre, Dobrin and St. George, as well as the Hospitallers.

Maltese historians are here provided with further information about the history of the foundation and early vicissitudes of the Knights of St. John.

Rudolf Hiestand writes about The beginnings of the Knights of St. John' [p.163] while Anthony Luttrell about 'The Hospitallers of Rhodes: Prospectives, problems, possibilities'. The Order of the Hospitallers, like the many other chivalric orders, came into being in connection with the crusading movement. Its organisation and membership provide an outstanding representation of medieval social ethics and piety.